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Lower South Saxony

Rural Germany faced several phases of depopulation but due to long-term outmigration from the East to the West, population decline in rural western Germany has tended to be overlooked. South Lower Saxony, close to the former inner-German border, lost 18% of its population between 1990 and 2015 (national average: +3%). According to the share of the population aged 65 and older, it ranks among the top-five regions in Germany which is due to the overlapping of long-term outmigration, age-selective in-migration and increased longevity.